Daytona Beach is a city in the US state of Florida. It is located 51 miles northeast of Orlando, 256 miles northwest of Miami, and, 86 miles southeast of Jacksonville. According to the United States Census, the population was 61,005 in 2010 and has grown to 688,723 by 2021. Daytona Beach is also a principal city of the Fun Coast region of Florida. Situated on a beautiful beach, the city also has a sandy beach, which allows limited drive for vehicles such as motorcycles. Coastal road systems are set up for motorsports, and this was replaced in 1959 by Daytona International Speedway, motorsports have been held in this coastal city for more than 50 years.
History of Daytona Beach
Daytona Beach has a long history, In the past, aboriginal Timucuan lived on this coast. They built forts on this coast and lived in small villages. The Timucuan aborigines maintained contact with European immigrants, there have been wars over their opposition to slavery. These peoples existed in the 18th century and were tormented as racial objects by European invasions and became extinct as a racial entity.
By the end of the 18th century, the state of Florida was under British rule. Samuel Williams led the way in liberating the country from the British in the American Revolutionary War of 1804. After the war, the country was conquered by the Americans and Samuel Williams received a land grant of 3,000 acres from the Spanish Crown. Cotton, rice, and sugarcane were grown on these lands. His son Samuel Hill Williams would abandon the plantation during the Second Seminole War when the Seminoles burned it to the ground.
The lands donated to Samuel after the victory of the war were now used to created Daytona Beach. The plantation was situated on the west bank of the tidal channel known as the Halifax River, north of Mosquito Inlet. Williams was a British loyalist from North Carolina. He fled to the Bahamas with his family, hoping to return to Florida. However, he died in 1810. The plantation was run by his family until it was burned down in 1835.
In 1871, Mathias Day Jr purchased a 3200-acre estate in Mansfield, Ohio, a hotel was built there. It was the starting point of the present city. In 1872, due to financial troubles, Mathias Day lost the title to his land. However, the city of Daytona was incorporated by the residents in his honor. In 1886, St. Johns & Halifax River Railway arrived in Daytona. The line would be purchased in 1889 by Henry M. Flagler and processed as part of his Florida East Coast Railway. The separate towns of Daytona and Kingston merged as Daytona Beach in 1926.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the coastal city of Daytona saw extensive growth. This wide beach of smooth, compacted sand attracted the automobile and motorcycle races beginning. With a length of 23 miles, the track stretches from Barney Oldfield to Henry Segrave to Malcolm Campbell would visit Daytona. On March 8, 1936, a car race was held at this beach track, located in the present-day Town of Ponce Inlet. William France Sr. and NASCAR, pioneered the creation of the Daytona Raceways as an international highway, and this was done in 1958.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 64.93 sq mi. of which 58.68 sq mi is land and 6.25 sq mi is water. Daytona Beach has a humid subtropical climate. The rainy season in Daytona Beach begins in late May and lasts until October. The dry season begins in mid-November and lasts until April. The area receives short showers throughout the year. As result, the average annual rainfall from June to September is 49.6 mm. In winter, Daytona Beach has weather conditions typical of other cities on the Florida peninsula. On average, the coolest month is January, with a normal monthly mean temperature of 57.9 °F. Although there have been occasional snowstorms, there has been no snow on the ground since the early 20th century.
Although Daytona Beach has a significantly lesser tornado risk than areas like the Great Plains and Midwest. Less hurricanes occur as it travels northerly along the Atlantic coast of Florida. However, a severe tropical cyclone occurred in the middle of the 20th century. Most recently, on February 22, 1998, severe hurricanes occurred and large areas were damaged. On July 3, 1992, a 44.5 km long rogue wave hit the Volusia County beaches, it stretches to the rest of Ormond Beach and New Smyrna Beach. The thickness of the water column was recorded as 2.7 meters, and this caused damage to many vehicles and areas, and Seventy-five injuries were reported.
The commission manager at Daytona Beach is appointed by the electorate under the system of government. The four-member panel has been in place for four years, six are elected by the district, the mayor is administration citywide. The city commission establishes ordinances and policies for the city, it is presented with the annual budget review. The commission appoints a city manager, who carries out the will of the commission and handles business.
There is a law enforcement Police department at Daytona Beach, Provides law enforcement and protection along the coasts of Daytona Beach as well as the province of Volusia. Daytona Beach has a talented staff to operate the postal service. There was a military armed force for security at Daytona Beach, Among them are the Florida Army National Defense 1st Battalion and the 265th air Defense Artillery Regiment. Today is Daytona Beach is part of Florida’s 6th congressional district. Daytona Beach stretches south to Jackson and New Smyrna Beach, part of Florida’s Sixth Congressional Districts.
As of 2021, there were 70,140 households, out of which a small number were vacant. In 2019, the number of children under the age of 18 and the number of married couples was 16.2% and 29%, respectively, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.2% were non-families, of these, and 20.8% were over 65 years of age. English was the predominant language spoken in the 21st century, and other languages were few. These include Spanish, French, German, Arabic.
The Museums of art and Sciences, located in Daytona Beach, have a long history. In addition, the Southeast Photography Museum and the Halifax Museum are located in the city. There is a children’s science center in the center of town. It was also built in the Peabody Auditorium to host state concerts, operas, and dance competitions. There is a baseball team and a number of golf courses in Daytona Beach, and It hosts a number of tournaments annually.
The tourism industry is a major part of Daytona Beach’s economy, this includes small industries. These are located in the Foreign Trade Zone and the enterprise Zone adjacent to the International Airport. In addition, Halifax Health, Halifax Media Group, International Speedway Corporation, Gambro-Renal Products, and Ladies Professional Golf Association are the main service providers in the city. There are a number of large shopping malls, retail centers, and open-air shopping centers in the city.
There are four bridges over the Halifax River at Daytona Beach, they include the “Veterans Memorial Bridge, the Broadway Bridge, the Main Street Bridge, and the Seabreeze Bridge”. In June 2016, the Veterans Memorial Bridge was closed. Daytona Beach is served by Greyhound Bus Lines, which has a terminal located at 138 South Ridgewood Avenue. Jacksonville and Orlando are located at the center of this Greyhound Road. Daytona Beach is easily accessible by I-95 that runs north and south and I-4 connecting Daytona Beach with Orlando and Tampa. US 92 runs east-west through Daytona Beach, and US 1 also passes north-south through Daytona Beach.
Public primary and secondary education is handled by Volusia County Schools. There are several primary, private schools, and secondary schools for education throughout the city. The private schools include Father Lopez Catholic High School, and the elementary schools include Bonner Elementary, Ortona Elementary school, Champion Elementary school, Palm Terrace Elementary school, R.J. Longstreet Elementary school, Turie T. Small Elementary school, Westside Elementary school, and High schools include Mainland High school and Father Lopez Catholic High School.
Daytona Beach hosts a number of tournaments every year. Among them, the Coke Zero Sugar 400, NASCAR race held on the first Saturday of July, every year, and Daytona 200 motorcycle races, bike shows, and biker reunions in March are the main ones. Hundreds of thousands of cyclists from around the world flock to Daytona Beach to take participate in this motorcycle event. visitors take part in mountaineering at other destinations, come to Daytona beach in the spring, and due to its tourist attractions, the city receives over 8 million visitors each year.