Miami is a beautiful city in the southeastern part of the state of Florida in the United States. Miami, the third most populous capital on the east coast of the United States, is the seventh-largest city in the country. The city is a major center of financial, commercial, cultural and artistic, and international trade, contributing greatly to the GDP of the United States, and the 12th largest city in the United States. Miami is currently the “Capital of Latin America”, with more than 72% of the population of Latin and Hispanic descent. The busiest cruise port in the world is located here and it is known as the Cruise Capital of the World. After New York city, it is known as the most visited tourist center.
History of Miami
Like other cities in Florida, the Miami area had European connections. The Tequesta tribe occupied the Miami area for around 2,000 years before contact with Europeans. Their village was located along the Miami River, and these tribes migrated to Cuba in the early 18th century. The area was originally owned by the Spaniards and ceded to the United States in 1821. The Dallas Fortress was built in 1836 on the banks of the Miami River, with the goal of developing in the Florida area and attempt to suppress Seminoles. As a result, Second Seminole War became a battleground.
A group of women contributed to the founding of the city. The original owner of the land where Miami was located between Julia Tuttle, a wealthy man, and a local citrus estate owner. Originally this area was known as the “Biscayne Bay Country”, and remained a wilderness. Miami was officially incorporated as a city on July 28, 1896, with a population of about 300. In the late 19th century, the city of Miami experienced rapid development. African American labor played a crucial role in Miami’s early development. Crops were planted everywhere in the area, and Julia Tuttle built a railway zone on the east coast of the city.
In the early 20th century, the region was home to about 40% of the population of African-American immigrants. The growth of the city depended on their role, and with the sale of land, whites migrated to the area. Later the city prospered and the infrastructure grew rapidly, and development was hampered by Hurricane Miami in 1926 and the Great Depression of 1930. When World War II began, Miami became a base for the United States. Due to the location of the main camp in the area, it was able to withstand German attacks successfully. Due to the security situation in the area, a population of 172,000 was reported from the area by 1940.
The southern part of the Miami area developed in the 1990s with new business and cultural facilities. During this time a large number of Cuban immigrants came to these areas. Racial and cultural tensions sometimes sparked, but the city developed in the latter half of the 20th century as a major international, financial, and cultural center. The area is mostly populated by Spaniards and Cuban-Americans and is the second-largest city in the state.
Miami and its affected areas extend from Biscayne Bay in the east to Everglades in the west. In the meantime, there is plain south of the Gulf of Florida and Lake Okeechobee, and there is a number of artificial barrier islands throughout the city. The elevation of the coastal area is about 6 feet above sea level. The highest point in the city of Miami is Coconut Grove, 24 feet above sea level. The Gulf Canal in the city runs 15 miles north and allowing the city’s climate to stay warm and mild all year.
The surface bedrock scattered in the Miami area is called Miami oolite or Miami limestone, and the rocks are covered with a thin layer of soil. Below this layer of rock lies the Biscayne Aquifer, a natural groundwater freshwater source that extends to the Gulf of Florida. It comes closest to the surface around the cities of Miami Springs and Hialeah. Biscayne Aquifer supplies drinking water on many parts of the Miami metropolis, preventing the construction of many of the area’s underground sources. Everglades is a tropical swamp in southern Florida and located on the western edge of the city.
The surface bedrock scattered in the Miami area is called Miami oolite or Miami limestone, and the rocks are covered with a thin layer of soil. Below this layer of rock lies the Biscayne Aquifer, a natural groundwater freshwater source that extends to the Gulf of Florida. It comes closest to the surface around the cities of Miami Springs and Hialeah. Biscayne Aquifer supplies drinking water on many parts of the Miami metropolis, preventing the construction of many of the area’s underground sources. Everglades is a tropical swamp in southern Florida and located on the western edge of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city encompasses a total area of 56.06 sq mi, and 20.08 sq mi is water, and the city has a population of over 470,000.
The city of Miami is divided into sections and the heart of the city is called Downtown Miami, and Other parts that are shared are called Brickell, Virginia Key, Watson Island, and PortMiami. Miami is the central business district in the state of Florida, with many banks, schools, parks, defense headquarters, tourist attractions, and hospitals. Brickell Avenue has the largest concentration of international banks in the United States. Many of the clubs, bars, restaurants, and shopping malls in the area are located in the Coral Way area. The coral area is known for parks, Vizcaya Museum, The Kampong, The Barnacle Historic State Park, and numerous other historic homes and estates.
The western part of the Miami area is home to immigrants from mostly Central America and Cuba. West Indians, Hispanics, and European Americans live in the northern part of Miami. The Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts is located in the Midtown area, and there are a large number of large outdoor murals here. Most of the wealthy in the Miami area live on the Eastside and the architecture is spread throughout the city. Few African-American and Caribbean immigrants live in Little Haiti, Overtown, and Liberty City areas adjacent to the northern part of Miami.
Miami has a tropical monsoon climate with warm winters and very hot summers, and a marked drier season in the winter, and winters are relatively colder than in another area of Florida. The coastal location and proximity to the Gulf Stream shape its climate. Winter high temperatures last from December to March, with January being the coolest month with average daily temperatures. Defines based on the weather, summer, and winter weather in the Miami area. Summer is warm and humid and has frequent showers and thunderstorms. However, there is a small amount of rain in winter as well. In summer the daily temperature is around 21 °C. Summer begins in April and lasts until June and when the daily temperature is 21°C degrees Celsius. During the summer, there will be heavy thunderstorms during the day, and the sea breeze will relieve the heat, and Much of the year’s 1,572 mm of rainfall occurs during this period.
This area experiences hurricanes within a specified time, and hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30. In some years hurricanes have grown beyond those dates. The peak season in Cape Verde season begins in mid-August and lasts until the end of September. Cyclones are common in the area. Around 40% of homes in Miami are built upon floodplains and are considered flood-risk zones. Miami is considered one of the major coastal cities in the United States affected by climate change. For that reason, real estate prices in the Miami area are already at an all-time low.
Miami is considered a Beta + level city by the 2020 world Cities Rankings, conducted by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. With a strong business community, Miami serves as a major center for commerce and finance. Compared to the Atlanta, Houston, and Dallas areas, Miami has a rental housing rate, lower internet usage, lower education, lower per capita income, while achieving a higher percentage of persons in poverty. The Miami area is close to Latin America, so most of the multinationals serve there, it is the most important city in the United States for Spanish language media. The city is home to many movies and music recording studios.
Miami International Airport and PortMiami are among the nation’s busiest ports of entry. These are the main distribution routes in Latin America, South America, and the Caribbean. Miami international airport is the busiest airport in Florida and the Port of Miami is the busiest cruise port cruise in the world. Due to its strength in international business, finance, and trade, the city has among the largest concentration of international banks in the country. Miami is currently the free trade zone of the United States.