Yosemite National Park is located in Northern California, United States. The park is located 140 miles from the city of San Francisco. Sierra National Park is located in the southeast and Stanislaus National Park is located in the northwest. The parks are not only big physically, but big as in popular, and the park covers an area of 748,436 acres and sits in four counties. It is bounded on the north by the County of Tuolumne and Mariposa, on the east by the adjoining County of Mono, and on the south by the County of Madera.

The elevation of the park ranges from 2127 feet to 13,114 feet. Therefore, tourists have to look at different habitats and climate change to mark the ecosystem transition. Yosemite National Park is has won a tourist attraction for its granite cliffs, waterfalls, giant sequoia groves, lakes, mountains, meadows, glaciers, and biological diversity. Yosemite National Park was declared a World Heritage Site in 1984.

Yosemite National Park is the largest park in the Sierra Nevada and is home to a variety of flora and fauna. There are more than 160 rare species of plants here. Besides the big trees of National Park, the park’s forests contain sugar and ponderosa pine, white fir, and incense cedar. Animal life includes deer, black bears, bighorn sheep, and squirrels, and other small mammals. Black bears can often be seen in this park, and beautiful birds inhabit a special majority. The most common of these are Steller’s jays, western meadowlarks, and mountain bluebirds. In addition, there are populations of amphibians, lizards, and fish.

The Park contains five vegetation zones scattered throughout. They are chaparral and oak woodland, lower montane forest, upper montane forest, subalpine zone, and alpine. There are three large sequoia trees in the National Park, and this names after Mariposa Grove, the Tuolumne Grove, and the Merced Grove. Three wilderness areas are adjacent to Yosemite National Park, and to the north is Emigrant Wilderness, to the southeast is Ansel Adams Wilderness, and to the northeast is the Hoover Wilderness.

The main feature of Yosemite National Park is that one side can be climbed and the other side is located in granite. The park is headquartered in the village of Yosemite in the Yosemite valley. The Devil’s Postpile National Monument in the park is about 15 miles east, and Kings Canyon National Park is about 40 miles to the southeast. Giant sequoia Estates, lakes, mountains, meadows, glaciers, and biodiversity abound in this park, and large waterfalls include Bridalveil, Nevada, Ribbon, and Vernal Falls. The park is a national treasure over 125 years old.


History of Yosemite National Park

The settlements in the Yosemite Valley existed about 8000 years ago. people of Ahwahnee can be identified as the early tribes. They are very similar to the Paiute and Mono tribal groups that lived in Kings Canyon. They lived along the drainage area of the Tuolumne and Stanislaus Rivers, and these tribes came to the Yosemite Valley for trade. Their main food is salmon, plant parts, deer and seeds, and Vegetation and game in the region were similar to that present today. The area was invaded by European-Americans in the mid-19th century, and they besieged the area with the aim of mining and plundering resources. The states of California funded the suppression and repression of this Native American resistance.

After these wars, a number of Native Americans continued to live within the boundaries of Yosemite. At the same time, many workers and maids supported tourism, and most of these were Indians. They performing for tourists a variety of plays and sell baskets. In 1969, all that was left of the park was removed and an Indian village was built near the Yosemite Museum.

The Wawona Hotel was built in 1879 in the Yosemite valley to attract tourists. As a result, tourism increased, trade increased, and the number of developed routes and hotels increased. The giant sequoia tree, also known as the Tunnel Tree, is a major tourist attraction in the Yosemite valley. It was 69 m tall and was 27 m in circumference. In the 19th century, a tunnel was built through the tree, and Initially, only carts traveled through the tunnel, and in the 20th century even large vehicles passed through it. ​The tree was permanently weakened by the tunnel, and the Tunnel Tree fell in 1969 under a heavy load of snow.


There was a series of glaciers in the valley that began about 3 million years ago, and This glacier extends to a depth of about 4000 feet. There are four major glaciers, and Sherwin, Lee Vining, Merced, and Tuolumne. The largest glacier in the valley was the Sherwin, which later produced into smaller pieces. Merced Glacier flowed out of Yosemite Valley and into the Merced River Gorge, and the lee Vining glacier flowed into Lake Russel. Mount Dana and Mount Conas in the Yosemite valley are considered areas not covered by glaciers.

The valley contains large amounts of high mountains, plains, and granite. At the beginning of the garden, there are species of plants such as lodgepole pine and whitebark pine, and mountain hemlock that, at the highest elevations, give way to vast expanses of granite as treeline is reached. The climate in these habitats is harsh and the growing season is short, but species such as pika, yellow-bellied marmot, Clark’s nutcracker, and black rosy finch are adapted to these conditions. The interface between meadow and forest is also favored by many animal species because of the proximity of open areas for foraging and cover for protection. Horsetail is a popular waterfall in the valley, and this Fall flows over the eastern edge of El Capitan in Yosemite Valley. This small waterfall usually flows only during winter. On rare occasions during mid-to-late February, it can glow orange when it’s backlit by sunset, and this is only visible in the evening with clear skies.

There are four ways to enter Yosemite National Park. That is, the West via Highway 140, the South via Highway 41, the North via Highway 132, and the East via Highway 395 to 120. The east and west lanes split into two at the park and connect to a gate at Tioga Pass across the mountains of Sierra Nevada. For those less inclined to trek the wilderness there is the Tioga Road. All roads lead to the village of Yosemite and the Hemisphere, and the east gate is the only entrance through the park. There are several privately operated lodging venues in the park, most of them located in the valley. There are about 12 camps maintained by the National Park staff, in addition to about 1500 small camps located within the park. Due to the large number of vehicles entering the valley during the summer, it is very difficult to get in and out. Electric bus service was started in 1995 to facilitate the destination in the valley.

In 1093 it was proposed to build a dam in the park to supply water and electricity to San Francisco. Automobiles started to enter the park in ever-increasing numbers following the construction of all-weather highways to the park. The Yosemite Museum was founded in 1926 through the efforts of Ansel Franklin Hall. Yosemite National Park is open all year. The park is easily accessible in May and early June of the year. There is a huge demand for licenses, and reservations can be made. But 40% of the size is reserved for first-time visitors to the park. The park set a visitation record in 2016, surpassing five million visitors for the first time in its history. Yosemite now draws about four million visitors each year, and most visitors spend the majority of their time in the seven square miles of Yosemite Vall.


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